On June 22, Germany attacked the Soviet Union in an invasion code named Operation Barbarossa. More than 4.5 million Axis powers troops invaded along an 1,800 mile front.
Operation Barbarossa was the largest military operation in human history in both manpower and casualties. Its failure led to Germany’s ultimate defeat.
Operation Barbarossa and the areas that fell under it became the site of some of the largest battles, deadliest atrocities, highest casualties, and most horrific conditions for Soviets and Germans alike – all of which influenced the course of both World War II and 20th century history.